Low Power, Wide Area (LPWA) Networking Protocol

Low Power, Wide Area (LPWA) networking protocol designed to wirelessly connect battery operated ‘things’ to the internet in regional, national or global networks, and targets key Internet of Things (IoT)

LoRaWAN Network Partners

Unlocking the Future With LoRaWAN Networks

To better address those billions of IoT devices only transmitting a megabyte of data per month, and in most cases far less, LoRaWAN® devices offer the opportunity to free industrial applications from the consumer-driven cycles of the public cellular networks by providing the stability of public or private networks designed and built specifically for machines.

These low-power wide area networks extend battery life and range and providing “good enough” connectivity for the large majority of connected device use cases.

MultiTech LoRaWAN Devices

Leveraging the Advantages of a LoRaWAN Network

LoRaWAN networks, sensors and other devices have created new opportunities across a wide range of industries and use cases. Solutions to complex challenges, such as energy management, remote patient monitoring and improving transportation, have changed dramatically in recent years. With LoRaWAN sensors, IoT devices are able to communicate more effectively than ever in remote locations that don’t have public cellular access. LoRaWAN sensors offer improved access to data and can be customized to reach the user’s network goals.

While technology is constantly improving, the increasing accessibility of LoRaWAN devices has allowed businesses to increase efficiencies, and in turn, reduce operating costs.

Advantages of using a LoRaWAN network include:

Impressive Range

Connect devices that are up to 10 miles apart and penetrate deep into buildings in interior environments.

Low Power

LoRaWAN devices are designed to operate at low power, extending their lifespans and reducing the need for costly maintenance over time.


LoRaWAN connections can exist between devices in motion.


The data that’s transferred between LoRaWAN devices is encrypted in order to protect its integrity, enhancing security for users.


LoRaWAN networks have become an accepted standard for industrial IoT communications. That means you spend less time troubleshooting compatibility issues and more time implementing solutions.


A LoRaWAN gateway uses location data that does not rely on GPS, making it an attractive option for location-dependent applications.


MultiTech devices are built with practicality in mind, and our powerful software allows users to get the most out of the hardware.

Cost Effective

Reduce maintenance costs and save time replacing batteries for deployed devices.


LoRaWAN (Long Range Wide Area Network) is a wireless protocol designed for low-power, wide-area networks (LPWAN) that enables long-range communication with low power consumption. LoRaWAN is based on LoRa (Long Range) modulation technology, which enables communication over distances of several kilometers in rural or suburban areas with low power consumption.

LoRaWAN operates in unlicensed frequency bands, making it accessible to anyone, and is suitable for a wide range of IoT (Internet of Things) applications such as smart cities, agriculture, environmental monitoring, asset tracking, and more.

LoRaWAN uses a star topology, where end devices communicate directly with a central gateway or base station. The gateway then relays the data to a network server, which can process and analyze the data, and send commands back to the end devices.

One of the key features of LoRaWAN is its ability to support various classes of devices, depending on their power requirements and communication needs. Class A devices are the most common and operate on a strict bi-directional communication schedule, where the device listens for incoming data only after it has sent a transmission. Class B devices add an additional reception window at predetermined times to enable scheduled downlink communication from the gateway. Class C devices operate with the lowest power consumption and have the most flexible bi-directional communication schedule.

LoRaWAN is an open standard, managed by the LoRa Alliance, which is a non-profit organization that promotes and develops the technology. There are many LoRaWAN-compatible devices and solutions available from a variety of vendors, making it a popular choice for IoT applications.

LoRaWAN (Long Range Wide Area Network) is a wireless communication technology designed for low-power, long-range communication between devices in the context of the Internet of Things (IoT).

Here’s a simplified explanation of how LoRaWAN works:

Physical Layer (LoRa):
LoRa (short for Long Range) is the modulation technique used in LoRaWAN. It allows for long-range communication (up to several kilometers) and is well-suited for low-power devices.

LoRa uses spread spectrum modulation, which enables multiple devices to communicate simultaneously without interfering with each other.

Network Architecture:
LoRaWAN operates in a star-of-stars topology, where end devices (nodes or sensors) communicate with one or more gateways. Gateways act as intermediaries between end devices and a central network server.

End Devices:
End devices are typically low-power sensors or actuators that collect or transmit data.
They are designed to operate with minimal power consumption to maximize battery life.

Gateways receive signals from end devices and forward them to the central network server. They also transmit signals from the server to the respective end devices.
Gateways are connected to the internet, either through Ethernet, Wi-Fi, or cellular networks, allowing them to relay data to and from the central server.

LoRaWAN Classes:
LoRaWAN supports different device classes, each with different power consumption and communication characteristics:
Class A: Devices that have the lowest power consumption but have the least flexibility in terms of communication timing.
Class B: Devices with scheduled receive slots, providing a balance between power consumption and flexibility.
Class C: Devices with continuously open receive windows, allowing for the most flexibility but with higher power consumption.

Central Network Server:
The central network server manages the network, handling tasks such as device authentication, encryption, and managing the communication parameters.

It receives data from end devices, processes it, and may forward it to application servers or other systems.

Communication Process:
End devices periodically send small packets of data to the nearest gateway.
The gateway receives the packets and forwards them to the central network server.
The central network server processes the data, possibly sending commands back to the end devices.
The server may also forward the data to an application server or database for further processing.

LoRaWAN incorporates security features such as encryption and device authentication to ensure the confidentiality and integrity of data.
Overall, LoRaWAN is designed for low-power, long-range communication, making it suitable for IoT applications where devices need to communicate over considerable distances while conserving energy.

There are a number of traditional wireless sensor protocols that enable connectivity between the sensors and these to gateway: –Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Zigbee, and Z-Wave are some examples of this. In recent years, with the development of LPWANs, standards have started to shift to better accommodate the ever-growing number of connected devices being used in commercial settings.

LoRaWAN® is benefitted by its long range, deep penetration, and extended battery life. LoRaWAN standards are maintained by the LoRa Alliance, an open, non-profit association dedicated to promoting and supporting their global adoption.

The ability for these sensors to provide ultra long range communications to industry standard gateways is one of their biggest benefits. For example, MultiTech offers LoRaWAN IoT sensors as part of their Radio Bridge family of products including:, which includes:

LoRaWAN gateways may be connected via wired ethernet, cellular, WiFi or even satellite depending on the brand and model of your gateway. Regardless of your application, multiple solutions are available to get your sensors on the cloud.
It is also possible to operate a sensor network within a stand-alone closed system, such as a gateway hosting a localized network server, where an internet connection is not necessary or not feasible.

LoRaWAN IoT sensors low power consumption and long range transmit capabilities allow them to be used in a broad range of applications.

Here are some common use cases:

  • Smart buildings. Modern offices, retail spaces, and factories can all benefit from smart building technology, including: temperature and humidity monitoring of critical rooms or assets, water leak detection to minimize leaking water or flood damage, motion detection to track utilization of high cost assets and more.
  • Server room maintenance. Leak detection sensors can communicate automatically over wireless networks to notify IT managers when a leak is found in their liquid cooled server room, saving both precious data and precious dollars. Temperature sensing can ensure that critical IT equipment stays within its recommended operating ranges.
  • Drug management. Readmission rates can be reduced and health outcomes improved via smart drug management and medication tracking using IoT sensors. Automated temperature monitoring of stored medications may improve medicine safety, effectiveness and compliance.
  • Emergency response. Wireless push button sensors can be used in healthcare settings to allow nurses and caregivers to be alerted and respond to emergency patient needs in real time.
  • Wind monitoring and control. Being able to monitor wind and solar energy generation in real time can prevent downtime and disruption, reducing risk and cost.
  • Supply chain management. The right network solutions can help with shipment verification, remote monitoring of product storage, and the efficiency of logistical operations. That in turn leads to fewer shipping delays, less product loss, and happier customers.
  • The benefits of using LoRaWAN IoT sensors are vast and unique to each industry they serve. All business applications of this technology lead to improved response time, improved compliance, decreased network downtime, performance data gathering, and ultimately–cost savings.

Check out MultiTech’s wireless LoRaWAN Sensor catalog for a closer look at this efficiency-boosting technology.

LoRaWAN (Long Range Wide Area Network) is a low-power, long-range wireless protocol that is designed for IoT applications in which devices are spread over large areas. Here are some of the benefits of LoRaWAN:

  1. Long-range coverage: LoRaWAN can transmit data over several kilometers, making it ideal for applications in which devices are spread out over a large area.
  2. Low power consumption: LoRaWAN uses very little power, which means that devices can operate for long periods of time without needing to be recharged or replaced.
  3. Low cost: LoRaWAN is a relatively low-cost solution, which makes it accessible to a wide range of users and applications.
  4. Easy to deploy: LoRaWAN is easy to deploy and manage, which makes it an attractive solution for applications in which devices are difficult to access.
  5. Secure: LoRaWAN uses AES encryption to ensure the security of transmitted data.

The history of LoRaWAN dates back to 2011, when it was first developed by Cycleo, a French semiconductor company. In 2012, Cycleo was acquired by Semtech, a US-based semiconductor company, which continued to develop and promote the technology. In 2015, the LoRa Alliance was formed, with the goal of promoting and standardizing the use of LoRaWAN technology. Today, the LoRa Alliance has over 500 members and is one of the largest IoT alliances in the world. LoRaWAN is used in a wide range of applications, including smart cities, agriculture, and industrial IoT.

Comparison of available and future LPWA technologies:

Feature LoRaWAN    Sigfox RPMA/Ingenu LTE Cat-1 | 2016 (Rel-8) LTE Cat-M1 | 2017 (Rel13) LTE Cat-M2 NB-IoT | 2018 Rel13+
Frequency Band 433/470/780/868 /915 MHz ISM 868 /915 MHz ISM 2.4 GHz ISM Licensed Spectrum (700 MHz-2.5GHZ+) Licensed Spectrum (700 MHz-2.5GHZ+) Licensed Spectrum (700 MHz-2.5GHZ+)
Rx bandwidth 125 - 500 KHz 100 Hz (EU) / 600 Hz (NAM) 1 MHz 20 MHz 1.4 MHz 200 KHz
Max Data Rate 293 - 50K bps 100 bps (EU) / 600 bps (NAM) / 12 / 8 bytes Max ACCESS POINT 624 kbps DL / 156 kbps  UL 10 Mbps 380 Kbps ~250 Kbps DL /   22 kbps  UL
Max. # Msgs/day Unlimited (Some operators or service providers may have limits) UL: 140 msgs/day | DL Broadcast: 4 msgs/day Undisclosed Unlimited (Single Antenna restricted as low as 200KB/day) Unknown Unknown
Max Output Power 14-30 dBm 14-22 dBm 21 dBm Up to 46 dBm 23 dBm 20 dBm
Link Budget 153-161 dB 149-161 dB 168-172 dB with diversity 140 dB+ 155 dB+ on DL 160 dB+
Communication channel Half Duplex Limited Half Duplex Half Duplex Full Duplex Half Duplex Half Duplex
Power Efficiency Very High Very High High Low Medium High
Complexity Very Low Very Low Medium High Medium High
Coexistence Yes No Undisclosed Yes Yes Yes
Mobility Yes Yes No Yes Yes Limited to idle mode